Gustav Caillebotte was a French painter born on August 19, 1848, in Paris, France. His father, Martial Caillebotte, was a wealthy textile manufacturer, and his mother, Céleste Daufresne, was from a well-to-do family. Caillebotte had two younger brothers, René and Martial. His family was financially comfortable, and they were able to afford a luxurious lifestyle.
Caillebotte's childhood was spent in a comfortable and cultured environment. He showed an early interest in art and began taking drawing lessons at a young age. He attended the Lycée Condorcet and later studied law, earning a degree in 1870. He then began working as a lawyer, but he was more interested in art.
Caillebotte was unmarried and did not have any children. However, he was known to be close to his brother Martial and had a close circle of friends, including the painters Edgar Degas and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
Caillebotte's workplace was primarily his studio, located on the Boulevard Haussmann in Paris. He was greatly influenced by the Impressionists, particularly Degas and Renoir. His technique was characterized by its realism and use of bold, modern compositions.
Caillebotte's footprint in the art world was significant. He was a major patron of the Impressionists, and he purchased many of their works. He also funded their exhibitions and helped to establish their careers. His own paintings, which often depicted urban life in Paris, were innovative and groundbreaking.
Here are five of Gustav Caillebotte's most important paintings:
"Paris Street, Rainy Day" (1877) - This painting depicts a busy Paris street in the rain, with pedestrians and carriages passing by. The composition is striking, with the figures placed in a diagonal line that leads the viewer's eye into the distance.
"The Floor Scrapers" (1875) - This painting shows three men scraping the wooden floor of a room. The subject matter is ordinary, but the composition is dynamic, with the figures arranged in a triangular pattern.
"Boating on the Yerres" (1877) - This painting depicts a group of people enjoying a leisurely boat ride on the Yerres River. The colors are bright and cheerful, and the composition is relaxed and informal.
"The Pont de l'Europe" (1876) - This painting shows a view of a bridge in Paris, with trains passing overhead. The composition is striking, with the bridge and trains dominating the foreground.
"Rue Halévy, Seen from the Sixth Floor" (1878) - This painting shows a view of a Parisian street from an upper floor of a building. The composition is unusual, with the street and buildings tilted at an angle that creates a sense of depth and movement.