Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz, 1760 - IFrom Spaniard and Albino, Return Backwards (I - fine art print
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What does the curator team of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art write about the 18th century artwork from the painter Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz? (© - by Los Angeles County Museum of Art - www.lacma.org)
Notes from the Curator: These three works belong to a set of casta paintings by Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz that originally had sixteen scenes (over time many sets have been disassembled). Each scene depicts a family group with parents of different races and one of their children. During the colonial period Indians, Spaniards born in Spain as well as the New World (the latter known as Creoles), and Africans brought over as slaves all populated Mexico. The result was that a large percentage of the population became mixed, known collectively as castas (or "castes" in English), from where the pictorial genre derives its name.
Casta paintings were largely produced for a European audience to classify and create order out of an increasingly mixed society. This is especially important because in Europe there existed the widespread idea that all the inhabitants of the Americas (regardless of race) were degraded hybrids, which called into question the purity of blood of Spaniards and their ability to rule the colony's subjects. Casta painting responded to this anxiety by constructing a view of an orderly society bound by love (hence the use of the familial metaphor), but one that was hierarchically arranged and that featured Spaniards at the top.
Morlete Ruiz situates the mixed couples in elaborate landscape settings and pays careful attention to the figures' clothing and attributes. For example, some Spanish men hold a sword—a privilege that in colonial legislation was only reserved for this group—while some women sport a manga, a cape that resembles an inverted skirt fit from the head, worn exclusively by women of African descent (it was adapted from a similar garment worn by Moorish women in Spain).
In addition to presenting a typology of human races, occupations, and dress, casta paintings picture the New World as a land of boundless natural wonder through precise renderings of native products, flora, and fauna. Morlete Ruiz's works include an assortment of local fruits such as avocados and prickly pears (tunas). Products like these underscored the colonists' pride in the diversity and prosperity of the colony, and at the same time they fulfilled Europe's curiosity about the "exoticism" of the New World. In addition, they reflect the popularity of classificatory theories introduced by the Enlightenment and the interest in natural history.
Ilona Katzew, 2011
Notes from the Contributor: Painting by Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz (Museum: Los Angeles County Museum of Art)
Information about the product
The artwork called IFrom Spaniard and Albino, Return Backwards (I was created by the Mexican painter Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz. The artpiece had the size of 39 1/4 × 47 1/2 in (99,7 × 120,65 cm) and was painted with the medium oil on canvas. It is in the the Los Angeles County Museum of Art's digital collection. With courtesy of Los Angeles County Museum of Art (www.lacma.org) (public domain).Creditline of the artwork: . In addition to this, the alignment of the digital reproduction is in landscape format with a side ratio of 1.2 : 1, which means that the length is 20% longer than the width.
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|Artist:||Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz|
|Other artist names:||Juan Patricio Morlete Ruiz, Morlete Ruiz Juan Patricio, Ruiz Juan Patricio Morlete|
|Gender of the artist:||male|
|Nationality of artist:||Mexican|
|Country of origin:||Mexico|
|Artist category:||old master|
|Age at death:||65 years|
|Artwork title:||"IFrom Spaniard and Albino, Return Backwards (I"|
|General term:||classic art|
|Temporal classification:||18th century|
|Approximate age of artwork:||more than 260 years|
|Original medium:||oil on canvas|
|Original dimensions (artwork):||39 1/4 × 47 1/2 in (99,7 × 120,65 cm)|
|Museum / collection:||Los Angeles County Museum of Art|
|Museum location:||Los Angeles, California, United States of America|
|Website of the museum:||Los Angeles County Museum of Art|
|License type of artwork:||public domain|
|Courtesy of:||Los Angeles County Museum of Art (www.lacma.org)|
|Article categorization:||art copy|
|Method of reproduction:||digital reproduction|
|Production process:||digital printing|
|Stock type:||on demand|
|Intended product usage:||art collection (reproductions), wall gallery|
|Image alignment:||landscape alignment|
|Image ratio:||1.2 : 1 (length : width)|
|Implication:||the length is 20% longer than the width|
|Available options:||acrylic glass print (with real glass coating), metal print (aluminium dibond), poster print (canvas paper), canvas print|
|Canvas print (canvas on stretcher frame) size variants:||60x50cm - 24x20", 120x100cm - 47x39"|
|Acrylic glass print (with real glass coating) variants:||60x50cm - 24x20", 120x100cm - 47x39"|
|Poster print (canvas paper) size options:||60x50cm - 24x20", 120x100cm - 47x39"|
|Aluminium dibond print (aluminium material) size options:||60x50cm - 24x20", 120x100cm - 47x39"|
|Framing of the art reproduction:||not included|
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